Venture Air, LLC
WHEN DO I NEED A FLIGHT REVIEW (BFR)?
You may act as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, within
the preceding 24 calendar months, you have accomplished a flight
review given in an aircraft, for which you are rated, by an authorized
instructor. The instructor who gave you the review must endorse
your logbook certifying that you satisfactorily completed the
review. One flight review covers everything. If you do not pass
the review, you do not get the endorsement. There is no notation
of failure to pass the review.
OF WHAT DOES A FLIGHT REVIEW CONSIST?
A flight review consists of a minimum of 1 hour of flight training
and 1 hour of ground training. The review must include a review
of the current general operating and flight rules of part 91 and
a review of those maneuvers and procedures that, at the discretion
of the person giving the review, are necessary for the pilot to
demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate.
WHEN DONT I NEED A FLIGHT REVIEW?
You do not need to have a flight review, when you, within the
preceding 24 calendar months:
- Have passed a pilot proficiency check conducted by an examiner,
an approved pilot check airman, or a U.S. Armed Force check
airman, for a pilot certificate, rating, or operating privilege
(this includes practical tests, and required proficiency checks
under Part 121 and 135). Flight instructor practical tests,
unfortunately, do not count as BFR’s by definition.
- Have satisfactorily accomplished one or more phases of an
FAA-sponsored pilot proficiency award program.
- You need not accomplish the 1 hour of ground training if you
hold a current flight instructor certificate and have satisfactorily
completed a renewal of a flight instructor certificate under
the provisions in Sec. 61.197 specified in paragraph (a) of
this section (Generally, a renewal without a practical test
or via a FIRC).
A FEW OTHER THINGS ABOUT FLIGHT REVIEWS
- A student pilot need not accomplish the flight review required
by this section provided he or she is undergoing training for
a certificate and has a current solo flight endorsement.
- The requirements of this section may be accomplished in combination
with the requirements of Sec. 61.57 and other applicable recent
experience requirements at the discretion of the authorized
instructor conducting the flight review. This means the BFR
can be part of a checkout, an IPC, or done in any other way
which you arrange with your check airman or instructor.
You can even use a flight simulator or flight training device
to meet the flight review requirements of this section subject
to the following conditions:
- The flight simulator or flight training device must be used
in accordance with an approved course conducted by a training
center certificated under part 142 of this chapter.
- Unless the flight review is undertaken in a flight simulator
that is approved for landings, the you must meet the takeoff
and landing requirements of Sec. 61.57(a) or Sec. 61.57(b) of
- The flight simulator or flight training device used must represent
an aircraft or set of aircraft for which the pilot is rated.
WHEN DO I NEED AN INSTRUMENT PROFICIENCY CHECK?
You need an Instrument proficiency check (IPC/ICC) when you do
not meet the instrument experience requirements of Part 61 within
the preceding 6 calendar months, or within 6 calendar months after
that prescribed time, and you wish to serve as pilot in command
under IFR or in weather conditions less than the minimums prescribed
for VFR. Note that there is a six month grace period after currency
expires during which you can meet the experience requirements
on your own, but cannot be PIC except under Visual Flight Rules
and weather conditions during this period.
In order to meet the instrument experience requirements, in an
airplane, your logbook must reflect the following experience performed
within the past six calendar months:
- At least six instrument approaches (note: means to minimums)
- Holding procedures
- Intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigation
This experience may be acquired in an airplane under actual or
simulated instrument conditions, or in a flight simulator or flight
training device that is representative of the aircraft category
for the instrument privileges sought. This experience may be acquired
under actual instrument conditions ONLY if you are current or
are not ACTING as the PIC if you are reacquiring currency.
HOW IS THE ICC/IPC CONDUCTED?
The instrument proficiency check must be:
- Given in an aircraft that is appropriate to the aircraft category
- Constructed of a representative number of tasks required by
the instrument rating practical test
- For other than a glider, may be given in a flight simulator
or flight training device that is representative of the aircraft
WHO MAY GIVE ME AN IPC/ICC?
The instrument proficiency check must be given by:
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- An examiner
- A person authorized by the U.S. Armed Forces to conduct instrument
flight tests, provided you are a member of the U.S. Armed Forces
- A company check pilot who is authorized to conduct instrument
flight tests under part 121, 125, or 135 of this chapter, and
provided that both you and the check pilot are employees of
that operator (has to be signed off as an IPC as well as in
the company training records)
- An authorized flight instructor
- A person approved by the Administrator to conduct instrument
Multi-Engine Instrument Transitions
If you recently received your instrument rating in a single engine
airplane, you will note that your instrument privileges DO NOT
allow you to operate under instrument flight rules or in below
VFR weather in a multi engine airplane. If you have had your instrument
rating for some time, it is likely that you do not have this restriction.
This restriction came about as a result of accidents involving
pilots who had completed their instrument ratings in single engine
airplanes. Some of these pilots had gone on to purchase/rent multi
engine airplanes and then had flown them under instrument flight
rules or in weather below VFR minimums without obtaining any additional
training in them under actual or simulated instrument conditions.
If you did not complete your instrument rating in a multi engine
airplane, and have not demonstrated the multi engine tasks in
the instrument PTS, you may not exercise the privileges of your
instrument rating in a multi engine airplane. You will have to
demonstrate the multi engine tasks of the PTS to have the restriction
If you received your instrument rating under the old rules, and
have a multi-engine rating that is not restricted, you may want
to consider obtaining some instrument training in a multi engine
airplane, with particular emphasis on engine out emergency procedures
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GPS Training and Certifications
IFR Enroute, Terminal, and Nonprecision Approach certified GPS
installations are becoming more common in light aircraft.
Despite the fact that all GPS units do the same things, they
do them in different ways and can be complex to learn. Most manufacturers
DO NOT recommend their use in actual instrument weather without
additional training in visual or simulated instrument flight conditions.
At Venture Air, you can learn to use your GPS safely and efficiently,
and in many cases, this training can be easily combined with a
BFR and IPC.
If you are in the initial stages of certifying you GPS, Venture
Air can assist in making the certification as smooth a possible.
Roger F. Zaruba
Aviation Training (all levels) and Plane Rentals